Question: What Are Aristotle’S Virtues?

What are the main virtues?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church defines virtue as “a habitual and firm disposition to do the good.” Traditionally, the seven Christian virtues or heavenly virtues combine the four classical cardinal virtues of prudence, justice, temperance, and courage (or fortitude) with the three theological virtues of faith, ….

What are the 3 most important virtues?

Adam Smith, in his important book The Theory of Moral Sentiments, wrote that excellent people have three primary virtues: prudence, justice, and benevolence, in that order. Each of them is essential to the others and to the living of a full life in society.

What is Aristotle’s definition of happiness?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life. This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult.

How do you show virtues?

They are honest, respectful, courageous, forgiving, and kind, for example. They do the right thing, and don’t bend to impulses, urges or desires, but act according to values and principles. Some might say good qualities are innate, but we’re not perfect. Virtues need to be cultivated to become more prevalent in life.

What are the 16 virtues?

Terms in this set (16)Patience. Capable of waiting calmly,or without complaining.Kindness. Gentle, considerate,and friendly in nature.Honesty. Displaying truthfulness, or trustworthiness.Self- Control. Effective control over one owns actions or emotions.Courage. … Love. … Respect. … Responsibility.More items…

What are Aristotle’s virtues in Nicomachean Ethics?

And Aristotle does say explicitly that the target the temperate person looks to is the beautiful. (1119b, 15-17) But since there are three primary moral virtues, courage, temperance, and justice, it is surprising that in the whole of Book V, which discusses justice, Aristotle never mentions the beautiful.

What is the highest virtue?

Prudence, also known as practical wisdom, is the most important virtue for Aristotle. In war, soldiers must fight with prudence by making judgments through practical wisdom. This virtue is a must to obtain because courage requires judgments to be made. Temperance, or self-control, simply means moderation.

What are the 4 virtues of stoicism?

The Stoics elaborated a detailed taxonomy of virtue, dividing virtue into four main types: wisdom, justice, courage, and moderation.

What is a good life according to Aristotle?

Aristotle argues that what separates human beings from the other animals is the human reason. So the good life is one in which a person cultivates and exercises their rational faculties by, for instance, engaging in scientific inquiry, philosophical discussion, artistic creation, or legislation.

What are examples of virtues?

Honesty, courage, compassion, generosity, fidelity, integrity, fairness, self-control, and prudence are all examples of virtues. How does a person develop virtues?

What are the 12 virtues?

Aristotle’s 12 virtues: Courage – bravery. Temperance – moderation. Liberality – spending. Magnificence – charisma, style. Magnanimity – generosity. Ambition – pride. Patience – temper, calm. Friendliness – social IQ.More items…•

What are the 4 human virtues?

In Christian tradition Because of this reference, a group of seven attributes is sometimes listed by adding the four cardinal virtues (prudence, temperance, fortitude, justice) and three theological virtues (faith, hope, charity).

What are the 7 virtues in the Bible?

The Seven Heavenly Virtues: Faith, Hope, Charity, Fortitude, Justice, Temperance, Prudence.

What is the highest good according to Aristotle?

eudaimoniaFor Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).