Quick Answer: What Are The Causes Of Economic Development?

What is the main difference between economic growth and economic development?

Economic growth means an increase in real national income / national output.

Economic development means an improvement in the quality of life and living standards, e.g.

measures of literacy, life-expectancy and health care.

Ceteris paribus, we would expect economic growth to enable more economic development..

How does scarcity affect our choices?

The ability to make decisions comes with a limited capacity. The scarcity state depletes this finite capacity of decision-making. … The scarcity of money affects the decision to spend that money on the urgent needs while ignoring the other important things which comes with a burden of future cost.

What are the two types of economic growth?

There are two types of economic growth allocated in economic theory – intensive and extensive, in addition, as a part of an intensive, there is an innovative type of economic growth. Extensive type of growth is characterized by quantitative increase of use of one or more factors of production.

What factors affect economic growth?

Six Factors Of Economic GrowthNatural Resources. … Physical Capital or Infrastructure. … Population or Labor. … Human Capital. … Technology. … Law. … Poor Health & Low Levels of Education. … Lack of Necessary Infrastructure.More items…•

What is economic development in simple words?

Economic development is the growth of the standard of living of a nations people from a low-income (poor) economy to a high-income (rich) economy. When the local quality of life is improved, there is more economic development. … They may want to know why people invest more money in some places than in others.

What is an example of economic growth?

Economic growth is defined as an increase in a nation’s production of goods and services. An example of economic growth is when a country increases the gross domestic product (GDP) per person. The growth of the economic output of a country. As a result of inward investment Eire enjoyed substantial economic growth.

Is economic growth good or bad?

Income inequality. Economic growth often leads to increased inequality because growth benefits the richer most because they own assets and have the best-paid jobs. … However, equally economic growth can reduce relative poverty and inequality.

What makes a good economy?

What makes a good economy? A strong labor market, predominantly, though the public also values lower inflation, more economic growth, and a stronger dollar.

What are the factors that hinder economic development?

The paper finds that public borrowing, trade deficit, military expenditures, population, political instability, corruption, the high dependency on natural resources and the low level of technological innovation, all hinder GDP in the long run.

How do developing countries promote economic growth?

To increase economic growthLower interest rates – reduce the cost of borrowing and increase consumer spending and investment.Increased real wages – if nominal wages grow above inflation then consumers have more disposable to spend.Higher global growth – leading to increased export spending.More items…•

What are the causes of economic growth?

Broadly speaking, there are two main sources of economic growth: growth in the size of the workforce and growth in the productivity (output per hour worked) of that workforce. Either can increase the overall size of the economy but only strong productivity growth can increase per capita GDP and income.

What is the main purpose of economic development?

Economic development is a process of targeted activities and programs that work to improve the economic wellbeing and quality of life of a community by building local wealth, diversifying the economy, creating and retaining jobs, and building the local tax base.

What are the indicators of economic development?

The indicators of economic development are:Growth rate of National Income:Per Capita Income (PCI):Per Capita Consumption (PCC):Physical Quality Life Index (PQLI) and Human Development Index (HDI):Industrial progress: … Capital formation:

What are the three economic factors?

Economists divide the factors of production into four categories: land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship. The first factor of production is land, but this includes any natural resource used to produce goods and services. This includes not just land, but anything that comes from the land.

What are the 7 factors of production?

Factors of ProductionLand/Natural Resources.Labor.Capital.Entrepreneurship.

What are the three main causes of economic growth?

Three factors can create economic growth: more capital, more labor, and better use of existing capital or labor. The growth that results from increases in capital and labor represents growth due to increases in inputs.

What are the 4 factors of economic growth?

Economic growth only comes from increasing the quality and quantity of the factors of production, which consist of four broad types: land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship. The factors of production are the resources used in creating or manufacturing a good or service in an economy.