What Is A Business Cycle Quizlet?

What causes business cycle?

The business cycle is caused by the forces of supply and demand—the movement of the gross domestic product GDP—the availability of capital, and expectations about the future.

This cycle is generally separated into four distinct segments, expansion, peak, contraction, and trough..

WHat are the 5 stages of the business cycle?

The business life cycle is the progression of a business in phases over time and is most commonly divided into five stages: launch, growth, shake-out, maturity, and decline. The cycle is shown on a graph with the horizontal axis as time and the vertical axis as dollars or various financial metrics.

What are the characteristics of business cycle?

Business Cycle Phases Business cycles are identified as having four distinct phases: expansion, peak, contraction, and trough. An expansion is characterized by increasing employment, economic growth, and upward pressure on prices.

How can a business cycle be controlled?

Following instruments are used to attain the objectives of economic stabilization, particularly for the control of trade cycles, relative price stability and attainment of economic growth:Monetary policy,Fiscal policy,Anti-cyclical budgeting, and.Automatic stabilizer (or) Built-in stabilizer.

What is an example of a business cycle?

The Business Cycle. This is an example of a typical business cycle showing expansion, recession, then recovery. The growth trend is the average growth rate over time. A private think tank, the National Bureau of Economic Research, is the official tracker of business cycles for the U.S. economy.

What are the four parts of the business cycle quizlet?

-Growth, peak, recession, and trough.

What are the 4 stages of the business cycle?

The four stages of the economic cycle are also referred to as the business cycle. These four stages are expansion, peak, contraction, and trough. During the expansion phase, the economy experiences relatively rapid growth, interest rates tend to be low, production increases, and inflationary pressures build.

What is business cycle diagram?

Business cycles are characterized by boom in one period and collapse in the subsequent period in the economic activities of a country. … These fluctuations in the economic activities are termed as phases of business cycles. The fluctuations are compared with ebb and flow.

What is business cycle and its stages?

Stages of a business cycle All business cycles are bookended by a sustained period of economic growth, followed by a sustained period of economic decline. Throughout its life, a business cycle goes through four identifiable stages, known as phases: expansion, peak, contraction, and trough.

What is the meaning of business cycle?

What Is a Business Cycle? “Business cycles are a type of fluctuation found in the aggregate economic activity of nations… a cycle consists of expansions occurring at about the same time in many economic activities, followed by similarly general recessions…

How long is a business cycle?

The time from one economic peak to the next, or one recessive trough to the next, is considered a business cycle. From the year 1945 to the year 2009, the NBER defined eleven cycles, with the average cycle lasting a bit over 5-1/2 years.

Why is the business cycle important?

The business cycle is a pattern of economic booms and busts exhibited by the modern economy. Business cycles are important because they can affect profitability, which ultimately determines whether a business succeeds.

What 4 factors affect the business cycle?

Variables affecting the business cycle include marketing, finances, competition and time.Finances. Sales growth is usually slow during the introductory stage of the business cycle because the consumer market needs time to learn about and consider buying the product. … Marketing. … Competition. … Time.

How does government affect the business cycle?

Variations in the nation’s monetary policies, independent of changes induced by political pressures, are an important influence in business cycles as well. Use of fiscal policy—increased government spending and/or tax cuts—is the most common way of boosting aggregate demand, causing an economic expansion.

What is the first stage of the business cycle?

The first stage in the business cycle is expansion. In this stage, there is an increase in positive economic indicators such as employment, income, output, wages, profits, demand, and supply of goods and services.